php openssl_get_curve_names example

by Anish

Posted on Wednesday December 12 , 2018


EC Curve Names

php openssl function openssl_get_curve_names: Gets list of available curve names for ECC

  • Supported PHP Versions (PHP 7 >= 7.1.0)

The Syntax

array  openssl_get_curve_names ( void )

Gets the list of available curve names for use in Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) for public/private key operations. The two most widely standardized/supported curves are prime256v1 (NIST P-256) and secp384r1 (NIST P-384).

Elliptic curve based algorithms use significantly smaller key sizes than their non elliptic curve equivalents.

The approximate equivalence in security strength for symmetric algorithms compared to standard asymmetric algorithms and elliptic curve algorithms is shown in the table below.

AES Symmetric Keysize (Bits) RSA and DSA Keysize (Bits) ECC Keysize (Bits)
80 1024 160
112 2048 224
128 3072 256
192 7680 384
256 15360 512

NIST recommends using ECC curves with at least 256 bits.

Examples

openssl_get_curve_names() example Gets the list of available curve names for use in Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC)

<?php  
/**  
 * Created by https://8gwifi.org  
  * User: Anish Nath  
 * Date: 2018-12-12 * Time: 10:40 */  
$curvenames = openssl_get_curve_names();  
print_r($curvenames);  
  
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

$ /usr/bin/php get_get_curve_names.php
Array
(
    [0] => secp112r1
    [1] => secp112r2
    [2] => secp128r1
    [3] => secp128r2
    [4] => secp160k1
    [5] => secp160r1
    [6] => secp160r2
    [7] => secp192k1
    [8] => secp224k1
    [9] => secp224r1
    [10] => secp256k1
    [11] => secp384r1
    [12] => secp521r1
    [13] => prime192v1
    [14] => prime192v2
    [15] => prime192v3
    [16] => prime239v1
    [17] => prime239v2
    [18] => prime239v3
    [19] => prime256v1
    [20] => sect113r1
    [21] => sect113r2
    [22] => sect131r1
    [23] => sect131r2
    [24] => sect163k1
    [25] => sect163r1
    [26] => sect163r2
    [27] => sect193r1
    [28] => sect193r2
    [29] => sect233k1
    [30] => sect233r1
    [31] => sect239k1
    [32] => sect283k1
    [33] => sect283r1
    [34] => sect409k1
    [35] => sect409r1
    [36] => sect571k1
    [37] => sect571r1
    [38] => c2pnb163v1
    [39] => c2pnb163v2
    [40] => c2pnb163v3
    [41] => c2pnb176v1
    [42] => c2tnb191v1
    [43] => c2tnb191v2
    [44] => c2tnb191v3
    [45] => c2pnb208w1
    [46] => c2tnb239v1
    [47] => c2tnb239v2
    [48] => c2tnb239v3
    [49] => c2pnb272w1
    [50] => c2pnb304w1
    [51] => c2tnb359v1
    [52] => c2pnb368w1
    [53] => c2tnb431r1
    [54] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls1
    [55] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls3
    [56] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls4
    [57] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls5
    [58] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls6
    [59] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls7
    [60] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls8
    [61] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls9
    [62] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls10
    [63] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls11
    [64] => wap-wsg-idm-ecid-wtls12
    [65] => Oakley-EC2N-3
    [66] => Oakley-EC2N-4
    [67] => brainpoolP160r1
    [68] => brainpoolP160t1
    [69] => brainpoolP192r1
    [70] => brainpoolP192t1
    [71] => brainpoolP224r1
    [72] => brainpoolP224t1
    [73] => brainpoolP256r1
    [74] => brainpoolP256t1
    [75] => brainpoolP320r1
    [76] => brainpoolP320t1
    [77] => brainpoolP384r1
    [78] => brainpoolP384t1
    [79] => brainpoolP512r1
    [80] => brainpoolP512t1
)

In openssl You can get a list of available ec curve name by calling

$ openssl ecparam -list_curves

The above example will output something similar to:

secp112r1 : SECG/WTLS curve over a 112 bit prime field
secp112r2 : SECG curve over a 112 bit prime field
secp128r1 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field
secp128r2 : SECG curve over a 128 bit prime field
secp160k1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field
secp160r1 : SECG curve over a 160 bit prime field
......
......

Continue Reading how to generate ec key pair

Generate EC Curve Online Sign Verify Message


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